According to a study conducted by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and Virginia Tech Transportation Institute distracted driving is “anything that diverts the driver’s attention away from the primary tasks of navigating a vehicle and responding to critical events.”
A distraction can be visual, something that takes your eyes off the road; cognitive, something that takes your mind off of the road; or manual, something that takes your hands off the steering wheel. The National Safety Council (NSC) estimates that at least 28% or 1.6 million crashes are caused each year by drivers using cell phones and texting. The NSC estimates that 1.4 million crashes each year are caused by drivers using cell phones and a minimum of 200,000 additional crashes each year are caused by drivers who are texting. From an officer’s standpoint, texting and talking on a cell phone looks like a DUI. Violators weave, speed up, slow down, etc. Clearly this behavior is unsafe while operating a vehicle.